Robo-dogs and remedy bots: Artificial intelligence goes cuddly

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TOKYO — As pandemic-led isolation triggers an epidemic of loneliness, Japanese are more and more turning to “social robots” for solace and psychological therapeutic.

At town’s Penguin Cafe, proud house owners of the digital canine Aibo gathered just lately with their cyber-pups in Snuglis and fancy carryalls. From camera-embedded snouts to their sensor-packed paws, these high-tech hounds are nothing lower than family members, regardless of a price ticket of near $3,000 — necessary cloud plan not included.

It’s no surprise Aibo has pawed its manner into hearts and minds. Re-launched in 2017, Aibo’s synthetic intelligence-driven persona is minutely formed by the whims and habits of its proprietor, constructing the form of intense emotional attachments normally related to youngsters, or beloved pets. 

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Sony has reintroduced its Aibo robotic canine. 

CBS News


Noriko Yamada rushed to order one, when her mother-in-law started exhibiting indicators of dementia a number of years in the past. “Mother had stopped smiling and talking,” she advised CBS News. “But when we switched the dog on, and it gazed up at her, she just lit up. Her behavior changed 180 degrees.” 

And a number of months in the past, when the mother-in-law was hospitalized for coronary heart illness, Koro the robotic once more got here to the rescue. “Because of COVID, we couldn’t visit her. The nurse said Mother was responding to pictures of Koro, and asked us to bring in the dog. So, Koro was the last person in our family to see Mother alive.” 

Robots as companions are a neater leap for Japanese, many producers and customers say, as a result of the nation is steeped in pleasant androids, just like the long-running TV cartoon “Doraemon,” through which a cute, roly-poly pal gives not solely fixed firm, however an infinite provide of helpful methods. 

But one robotic startup is proving seems to be aren’t every part. Despite having neither head, arms nor legs, the Qoobo bot offered greater than 30,000 models by September, many to stressed-out customers working from dwelling underneath COVID restrictions. The retail worth begins at about $200.

Yukai Engineering CEO Shunsuke Aoki advised CBS News that Qoobo leverages probably the most pleasing elements of a pet — a fluffy torso, and a wagging tail. “At first, it seemed weird,” he stated. “But when you pet an animal like a cat, you usually don’t bother to look at its face.” 

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The Qoobo is a luxurious bot with a tail programmed to imitate an animal’s actions. 

Yukai


Frazzled adults aren’t the one Japanese turning to robots. At Moriyama Kindergarten within the central Japanese metropolis of Nagoya, robots are changing the standard class guinea pig or bunny. Teachers advised CBS News that the bots scale back anxiousness and train youngsters to be extra humane. 

Two years in the past, the preschool purchased a pair of Lovot model bots named Rice Cake and Cocoa. Weighing as a lot as an toddler, with the worth tag of a French bulldog, the cybernetic machines are designed to love-bomb their house owners — or, on this case, a roomful of fidgety five-year-olds.

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One of the Lovot bots utilized by kindergarten college students. 

CBS News


“Our kids think the robots are alive,” stated principal Kyoshin Kodama. “The bots have encouraged the kids to take better care of things, be kinder to each other, and cooperate more.”

Lovot is a so-called “emotional robot” programmed to autonomously navigate its environment, keep in mind its house owners and reply to hugs and different affection, gazing out with its outsized, quivering, high-resolution eyes. Over the final 12 months gross sales have jumped 11-fold.

“Their body temperature is set to 98.6 degrees,” Groove X firm spokesperson Miki Ikegami advised CBS News. “Robots are usually hard, cold and inhuman. But since our bots are built to soothe, we made them warm and soft.”

Japan’s oldest and most profitable social robotic is an FDA-approved system known as Paro.

Resembling an unusual plush toy, the synthetic intelligence-powered bot customizes its response because it will get to “know” every affected person. Inventor Takanori Shibata, primarily based at Japan’s National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, advised CBS News that medical trials have backed the system’s advantages as a non-drug remedy. “Interaction with Paro can improve depression, anxiety, pain and also improve the mood of the person.” 

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Paro harp seal bots.

CBS News


Since launching in 1998, hundreds of Paro robots have gone into service, worldwide, relieving stress amongst youngsters in ICUs, treating U.S. veterans affected by PTSD, and serving to dementia sufferers.

Like actual flesh-and-blood pets, Paro has been proven to stimulate mind exercise, serving to reconnect broken areas. “One lady didn’t speak for more than ten years,” Shibata stated. “When she interacted with Paro, she started to talk to Paro and she recovered her speech and she spoke to others.” 

Neuroscientist Julie Robillard, who research social robots for youngsters and seniors, advised CBS News that robotics consultants try to tease out the precise nature of the human-robot relationship — and the notion of machines as associates shouldn’t be as farfetched because it might sound. 

“We can be attached to various types of devices and objects,” stated Robillard, an assistant professor of neurology on the University of British Columbia. “Some people have given names to their robot vacuums … Some people feel strongly about their cars or about their wedding bands.”

Evidence helps using social robots, she stated, in areas like imparting social expertise to youngsters with autism, or instructing workout routines to rehab sufferers – providing instruction with out judgment.

But in different areas, it is unclear how nicely social robots actually work, she stated. “What we can say from the science right now is that robots have a huge amount of potential.”

And discovering that potential is all of the extra pressing now, within the covid period, as robots supply the promise of social connection with out social contact.

Creators say clever social robots won’t ever change people. But when companions, caregivers or therapists aren’t obtainable, robots are lending a pleasant paw – and are already incomes their maintain.

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